The population of Mumbai is about 18 million, with a density of 4,205 persons per square kilometre. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow,[30] generating 6.16% of India's GDP,[31] and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT),[32] and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. [306] There are also a few Indo-Saracenic styled buildings such as the Gateway of India. [9] Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen & Toubro, State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance),[145] and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. The port and shipping industry is well established, with Mumbai Port being one of the oldest and most significant ports in India. [305] Their architectural features include a variety of European influences such as German gables, Dutch roofs, Swiss timbering, Romance arches, Tudor casements, and traditional Indian features. The first cricket test match in India was played in Mumbai at the Bombay Gymkhana. Mumbai is a hub of Indian film making. [61] Older terms such as Bombayite are also in use. Beijing. The population of Mumbai has more than doubled since 1991, when the census showed that there were 9.9 million people living in the area. 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Mumbai, also called Bombay, is the capital city of the state of Maharashtra in India, and it's the most populous city in India. Residents of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar,[61] Mumbaiite,[315] Bombayite or Bombaiite. [378] Most colleges in the city are affiliated with the University of Mumbai, one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of graduates. The sex ratio in 2011 was 838 females per 1,000 males in the island city, 857 in the suburbs, and 848 as a whole in Greater Mumbai, all numbers lower than the national average of 914 females per 1,000 males. All executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner who is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the state government. 20 million people in Mumbai at risk due to cyclones, sea level rise: Study The study found that the decadal increase in cyclone events had increased six times from two cyclones in … Mumbai also has a large unskilled and semi-skilled self-employed population, who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such blue collar professions. India Urban Population Currently, 34.5 % of the population of India is urban (471,828,295 people in 2019) [413] In March 2004, the Mumbai Grand Prix was part of the F1 powerboat world championship,[414] and the Force India F1 team car was unveiled in the city, in 2008. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. [264] The Eastern Freeway was opened in 2013. [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. [127] The States Reorganisation Committee recommended a bilingual state for Maharashtra–Gujarat with Bombay as its capital in its 1955 report. The success of the British campaign in the Deccan marked the end of all attacks by native powers. [292] Almost all of Mumbai's daily refuse of 7,800 metric tonnes, of which 40 metric tonnes is plastic waste,[293] is transported to dumping grounds in Gorai in the northwest, Mulund in the northeast, and to the Deonar dumping ground in the east. [276], The proposed Navi Mumbai International airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and will help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport. The number of households with annual incomes of 2 million rupees will increase from 4% to 10% by 2020, amounting to 660,000 families. Mumbai city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Mumbai Urban Region. Mumbai had also played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP World Tour, in 2006 and 2007. [221], In the Indian national elections held every five years, Mumbai is represented by six parliamentary constituencies: North, North West, North East, North Central, South Central, and South. [130] Maharashtra State with Bombay as its capital was formed with the merger of Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, eight districts from Central Provinces and Berar, five districts from Hyderabad State, and numerous princely states enclosed between them. [366] Mumbai also has access to Commercial radio providers such as Sirius. Therefore, on average, the population every year increases by 0.5 Million. In the late 1960s, Nariman Point and Cuffe Parade were reclaimed and developed. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. Mumbai's suburban district occupies most of the island. [108] Towards the end of the 17th century, the islands again suffered incursions from Yakut Khan in 1689–90. [206], The municipal commissioner is the chief executive officer and head of the executive arm of the municipal corporation. The government-funded institutions include the Jehangir Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Modern Art. [404] [190] Although Mumbai had prominently figured as the hub of economic activity of India in the 1990s, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is presently witnessing a reduction in its contribution to India's GDP. [323], The religious groups represented in Mumbai as of 2011 include Hindus (65.99%), Muslims (20.65%), Buddhists (4.85%), Jains (4.10%), Christians (3.27%) and Sikhs (0.49%). [279] Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities. [258] Though 88% of the city's commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai still continues to struggle with traffic congestion. [45] In 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa used the name Tana-Maiambu: Tana appears to refer to the adjoining town of Thane and Maiambu to Mumbadevi. When the Elite Football League of India was introduced in August 2011, Mumbai was noted as one of eight cities to be awarded a team for the inaugural season. [92] They called the islands by various names, which finally took the written form Bombaim. [22][39] The Koli people originated in Kathiawar and Central Gujarat, and according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawar (Gujarat), where she is still worshipped. The collectors are in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government, and oversee the national elections held in the city. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Mumbai, which typically includes Mumbai's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. [132], The following decades saw massive expansion of the city and its suburbs. The architecture of the city is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. [364] Prominent DTH entertainment services in Mumbai include Dish TV and Tata Sky. It varies between a dry period extending from October to May and a wet period peaking in June. It is estimated that one million people live in Dharavi, which spans just 535 acres, has a population density of an incredible 869,565 people per square mile. Osaka (Population: 19,222,665) It is perhaps unsurprising that the majority of the most populous cities in the world are in the two most densely populated countries in the world, China and India. [307] Art Deco styled landmarks can be found along the Marine Drive and west of the Oval Maidan. [33][34] Mumbai has the eighth-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world,[35] and Mumbai's billionaires had the highest average wealth of any city in the world in 2008. You can see the full data in the Religion section below. [160] The eastern coast of Salsette Island is covered with large mangrove swamps, rich in biodiversity, while the western coast is mostly sandy and rocky. [369] The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity overseas. For every 1,000 boys, there are just 899 girls. [59][60], A resident of Mumbai is called Mumbaikar in Marathi, in which the suffix kar means a resident of. 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